Instrumental Vs Integrative Motivation

I first learned about instrumental and integrative motivation when I was an English teacher, many years ago. The concept was first established by Gardner and Lambert in 1972 to explain why some students acquire a second language faster and better than others. Today I want to explain how that same concept applies to companies and performance and clearly explains evolution and sustainability. There are many other classifications of motivation one could use for companies, but I think this simple dichotomy is easy to use and very revealing.

Motivation is part of the Personal Sphere of a human being. The nature of a person's motivation can not be changed by anybody but that person because it is rooted in the person's belief system. We all have our own type of motivation and nobody can change it unless we each decide to change it ourselves. A good manager will be able to identify the type of motivation his or her subordinates have and will combine their skills based on the company needs at all times. Neglecting to do so will have a very negative and serious impact on the company's overall performance and development.

Instrumental motivation refers to the one that drives human beings to reach goals and objectives. Integrative motivation is the one that employees feel when they want to be part of the company and thrive with it. Although every human being has a bit of both, one is usually more important than the other and guides the person's actions. Human beings whose main motivation is instrumental will be completely task-oriented whereas those with integrative motivation will be more company-oriented.

Both types of motivation are necessary for companies to survive. If only instrumental motivation existed, employees would just seek objectives without considering the overall good of the company or its long-term survival. We often see this happening in companies that fail; They reach amazing goals but lack the solid foundations on which to stand after their very fast growth. On the other hand, when only integrative motivation exists, companies survive but barely ever reach great levels of success.

Each type of motivation entails a different set of characteristics. Let me try and summarize the most important ones:

Instrumental motivation:

  • task or goal-oriented, this type of motivation mainly focuses on expanding, reaching and growing
  • Always looks ahead and outside
  • those whose motivation is mainly instrumental will set and pursue goals and objectives more than anything else.
  • routine will be their number one enemy, destroying their drive and desire
  • the perfect driving force when looking to expand, grow or disseminate
  • A must in entrepreneurs and visionaries. No company can grow without it.

Integrative motivation:

  • the motivation of permanence and stability
  • Always looks inside
  • those whose motivation is mainly integrative will strengthen the company values ​​and philosophy and will seek every opportunity to create greater internal cohesion and team spirit.
  • risk will be their number one enemy, paralyzing them
  • the perfect force when stabilizing a new company or in situations of crisis
  • Basic in departments seeking to consolidate the company: human resources, accounting, and so on.

Companies need different mixtures of both types of motivation, depending on their level of development, growth and market situation. A good CEO or owner will make sure that their companies hire professionals with the right type of motivation depending on the tasks to be performed. Different realities will require different combinations. Once a stage is reached, a new combination might be required. That's why motivation is never fixed. Thriving companies know this and seek the right type for their moves.

Good managers also know that different types of motivation play different roles and will promote their employees also based on the company needs. So, if growth and expansion is needed, instrumentally-motivated individuals will be promoted to leading roles. When consolidation and stability are required, though, those promoted will be the ones with integrative motivations.

Understanding motivation in human beings is part of humanology. Humanology thus helps companies understand their own elements and components better. When those in higher positions contemplate their work from the point of view of humanology, things become clearer and make better sense.

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Motivation in the 21st Century

Throughout history, one important aspect of all facets of education (including music) revolve around the ways that a teacher helps to motivate their students. A teacher can be most-effective when the student trusts in the teacher. This relationship between teacher and student creates the natural love of learning that is nurtured by the teacher and is grown by the student. An important way that a good teacher helps to continue nurturing this love of learning is by accessing various types of motivation to give the student goals that they can achieve. In the field of education, there are two important types of motivation: intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation.

By definition, extrinsic motivation is the type by which the teacher includes objects, rewards, and other "prizes" that are offered to the student for a "job well done". The effect is this: the student works for the reward and receives the reward all within a short period of time. As such, extrinsic motivations are organized, worked for and achieved all within a short period of time. As soon as one series of extrinsic motivation triggers are completed, another set must be created and distributed by the teacher. An example of such extrinsic motivation would be the use of stickers to offer to students as a reward for their progress or conduct in class. The reward is given when the various tasks associated with the sticker are completed; the next task that warrants an additional sticker is provided to reset the previous task. As such, the motivational circle continues.

On the other hand, intrinsic motivation, by definition, offers the student internal rewards for a job well done through the actions that the student presents to the teacher. Essentially, by working hard or completing a task and thus receiving a strong sense of accomplishment for completing such a task in a successful fashion, the student not only receives accolades from the teacher, they also feel good for completing the tasks. There are no outward rewards, as is the case with extrinsic motivation. Instead, the motivation comes to the student through the feeling of accomplishment that comes with the completion of each task they set out to complete. This sense of accomplishment is the internal reward that nourishes the natural internal desire to learn that is within each student.

A good teacher is able to juggle both of these types of motivation. In the setting of the private music lesson, the teacher has the opportunity to get to know the student well enough in order to decide what tactics to use to help encourage continuous motivation. With the advent of various technological tools, the task for helping to motivate students has become increasingly easier.

In a series of surveys that were published in 2013 and 2014, facts were provided which stated that over 1-in-4 children under the age of 8 know how to use a computer, tablet, or smart phone. In the same study, it was calculated that 1-in-3 children between the ages of 9-13 had mastered the use of such technologies that they could confidently teach an adult to troubleshoot problems. Children that used technology for educational purposes in the home had a greater sense of problem solving skills and a higher ability to complete tasks when a reward was provided (such as the collection of points, completion of a level of a game, or the completion of the game itself). This use of extrinsic motivation to offer reward for the completion of tasks allows the student to have fun while completing the task at hand.

For all of us that have studied music as children, currently have children studying music, or teach music, we know that the challenge that we all face is this: learning a musical skill takes a lot of effort and time to succeed. The proper amount of time to master skills associated within music take many years. Many masters of performance art such as professional musicians, singers, record artists and recording engineers will all agree to this fact. All individuals of the same pedigree will also agree that at one point along the way, at least one teacher inspired them to thrive in their musical studies. This teacher, usually known and remembered by name, created the spark for musical growth that creates a life-long love of learning. This is strong proof to argue that intrinsic motivation is the powerful resource to help nurture life-long success.

There are many interesting tools that a music teacher can use including various apps on a series of topics including music theory, music history, ear training and recording techniques. In addition, there are many programs such as YouTube, Garage Band, Ever Note, among others. Each of these tools offer a cornucopia of options for any music teacher and music student to create a fun environment to increase motivation. No longer do students have to sit at their instrument and only have books as their primary resource to learning. By using the many multitudes of tools available, teachers have the option to create a personalized studio that fits the needs of many of learning environments. This allows the student to enter a world of vast possibilities that were not available 15 years ago.

The trick for every teacher is to create be willing to embrace this new generation of technological advancement while nurturing intrinsic motivation in an extrinsically motivated environment. In conclusion, there are many tools available to all music teachers, parents, and students in this new generation of technology within the 21st century. It is important to observe that these tools as mentioned will help encourage everyone to have fun while enjoying their musical studies yet these tools are not only secrets to success. The teacher must know how to motivate students to "keep going" through the successes and challenges that naturally come to all music students. The mixture of extrinsic and intrinsic motivational triggers will help to create the next generation of musicians, music enthusiasts and music appreciators. This is the main goal that will help keep music alive and thriving for the next generation and beyond.

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Motivation Defined

Motivation is a call to action. Motivation inspires change, movement, and focus; It is what makes the world turn. The Art of Motivation is a must for Master Persuaders. How do you motivate in such a way that prompts people to take the actions you want them to take? How can you plant the seeds to encourage motivation? As a persuader, one of the keys to success is to motivate yourself and others. We have all had days when we did not feel like doing the things we knew we needed to do. It is useless to persuade and have others agree with your point of view if you can't get them to take action.

Martin Luther King said, "If a man hasn't discovered something that he will die for, he isn't fit to live." In order to successfully motivate someone – or, to get him or her to internalize the motivation – you have to create a deep hunger or thirst. It has been said you can bring a horse to water, but you can't make him drink. That's true. But let it be known that you can give that horse salt and create such a thirst that the horse must have water. As a master motivator, you are giving salt to your prospects. You are striving to create such a thirst in other people that they can't wait to act.

You will find people tend to get motivated for the short term, lose steam, and then fall back into the rut they were trying to pull themselves out of in the first place. As a persuader and motivator, you have to understand what pulls people from action to inaction. What causes us to lose excitement, vision, and energy? When you notice your prospects are losing their motivation, these are the reasons why:

  • The desire to gain
  • The desire to avoid loss
  • To make money
  • To avoid criticism
  • To save time
  • To avoid loss of possessions
  • To avoid effort
  • To avoid physical pain
  • To achieve comfort
  • To avoid loss of reputation
  • To have health
  • To avoid loss of money
  • To be popular
  • To avoid trouble
  • The desire to gain (cont,)
  • To experience pleasure
  • To be clean
  • To be praised
  • To be in style
  • To gratify curiosity
  • To satisfy an appetite
  • To have beautiful possessions
  • To be an individual
  • To emulate others
  • To take advantage of opportunities

You can't change a habit unless you replace it with another one. The same is true for motivation. You can't change how someone is motivated unless you replace the undesirable motivation with a desirable one. You have to understand whether your prospect's motivation is a positive motivation or a destructive motivation.

Once inspiration is identified, build on that inspiration until you create an intense hunger. This means that you get your prospects to take responsibility for their own lives. Get them to set new goals or review their existing goals and their reasons for setting them. Another way to stoke the fires is to find somebody who shares that same passion.

Since Maslow introduced the concept of needs, countless motivational theories have been brought to light. Avid McClelland proposed that we learn three things that motivate us as we go through life: achievement, affiliation, and power. John C. Mowen used the three "R's" of motivation: reward, recognition, and reinforcement. Bob Stone suggested that people respond either to "gain something they do not have or to avoid losing something they now possess." He created this list of basic human wants to explain his theory. In his book The Hidden Persuaders, Vance Packard identifies eight hidden needs that motivate people into action:

1. Need for emotional security: We live in uncertain times. Terrorism lurks, the happenings on Wall Street are shaky, we are surrounded by illness and disease, etc. We need safety, comfort, and stability in our lives.

2. Need to feel self-worth: Much of today's society is cold, competitive, and uncaring. We want to experience a place in the world where we know we've made a difference.

3. Need for ego-gratification: We want recognition and praise. We all want to feel important.

4. Need for creativity: We feel more satisfaction and fulfillment when we can work creatively through hobbies, sports, and other forms of recreation.

5. Need for love foci: Life is richer when we have someone to share our love with, for example friends, children, grandchildren, a spouse, or pets.

6. Need for control: We need to feel a sense that we have some control or power over our environment, our surroundings, or our conditions.

7. Need to belong: We want to feel that we are an integral part of the world and that we are important to people whom we love, respect, or admire.

8. Need for immortality: We fear dying or being forgotten. We buy life insurance because we want to leave something behind.

Motivation starts with vision. People need to believe they will succeed in what you are motivating them to do. No one likes to lose. No one wants to lose. No one wants to be associated with losers. So, instill in your listener or audience a vision of winning. Thinking we can win and seeing the win in our mind's eye stirs our internal motivation. When we help others think of past victories or instill the vision of victory in them, we can motivate them to take action. Olympic coach Charles Garfield states that the highest performers are driven by a sense of mission.

Learning how to persuade and influence will make the difference between hoping for a better income and having a better income. Beware of the common mistakes presenters and persuaders commit that cause them to lose the deal.

Master Persuaders present a winning package. When people sense victory or accomplishment, they will make sacrifices and become energized. They will find a way to succeed and win. If they sense defeat, they'll exert little personal effort, come up with lots of excuses, and exhibit lack of energy for the cause.

Motivation is true art. When you understand the Laws of Persuasion not only will you be able to motivate, but you will also have earned the right to motivate.

Conclusion

Persuasion is the missing puzzle piece that will crack the code to dramatically increase your income, improve your relationships, and help you get what you want, when you want, and win friends for life. Ask yourself how much money and income you have lost because of your inability to persuade and influence. Think about it. Sure you've seen some success, but think of the times you couldn't get it done. Has there ever been a time when you did not get your point across? Were you unable to convince someone to do something? Have you reached your full potential? Are you able to motivate yourself and others to achieve more and accomplish their goals? What about your relationships? Imagine being able to overcome objections before they happen, know what your prospect is thinking and feeling, feel more confident in your ability to persuade. Professional success, personal happiness, leadership potential, and income depend on the ability to persuade, influence, and motivate others.

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Achievement Motivation

Over the years, behavioral scientists have noticed that some people have an intense desire to achieve something, while others may not seem that concerned about their achievements. This phenomenon has attracted a lot of discussions and debates. Scientists have observed that people with a high level of achievement motivation exhibit certain characteristics. Achievement motivation is the tendency to endeavor for success and to choose goal oriented success or failure activities.

Achievement motivation forms to be the basic for a good life. People who are oriented towards achievement, in general, enjoy life and feel in control. Being motivated keeps people dynamic and gives them self-respect. They set moderately difficult but easily achievable targets, which help them, achieve their objectives. They do not set up extremely difficult or extremely easy targets. By doing this they ensure that they only undertake tasks that can be achieved by them. Achievement motivated people prefer to work on a problem rather than leaving the outcome to chance. It is also seen that achievement motivated people seem to be more concerned with their personal achievement rather than the rewards of success.

It is generally seen that achievement motivated people evidenced a significantly higher rate of advancement in their company compared to others. Programs and courses designed, involves seven "training inputs." The first step refers to the process through which achievement motivation thinking is taught to the person. The second step helps participants understand their own individuality and goals. The third assist participants in practicing achievement-related actions in cases, role-plays, and real life. A fourth refers to practicing of achievement-related actions in business and other games. A fifth input encourages participants to relate the achievement behavior model to their own behavior, self-image, and goals. The sixth program facilitates participants to develop a personal plan of action. Finally, the course provides participants with feedback on their progress toward achieving objectives and targets.

Achievement motivation as a branch of study has greatly established its prominence. A number of companies are now training their employees in the same.

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Definition of Motivation

The definition of motivation is to give reason, incentive, enthusiasm, or interest that causes a specific action or certain behavior. Motivation is present in every life function. Simple acts such as eating are motivated by hunger. Education is motivated by desire for knowledge. Motivators can be anything from reward to coercion.

There are two main kinds of motivation: intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation is internal. It occurs when people are compelled to do something out of pleasure, importance, or desire. Extrinsic motivation occurs when external factors compel the person to do something. However, there are many theories and labels that serve as sub tittles to the definition of motivation. For example: "I will give you a candy bar if you clean your room." This is an example of reward motivation.

A common place that we see the need to apply motivation, is in the work place. In the work force, we can see motivation play a key role in leadership success. A person unable to grasp motivation and apply it, will not become or stay a leader. It is critical that anyone seeking to lead or motivate understand "Howletts Hierarchy of Work Motivators."

Salary, benefits, working conditions, supervision, policy, safety, security, affiliation, and relationships are all externally motivated needs. These are the first three levels of "Howletts Hierarchy" When these needs are achieved, the person moves up to level four and then five. However, if levels one through three are not met, the person becomes dissatisfied with their job. When satisfaction is not found, the person becomes less productive and eventually quits or is fired. Achievement, advancement, recognition, growth, responsibility, and job nature are internal motivators. These are the last two levels of "Howletts Hierarchy." They occur when the person motivates themselves (after external motivation needs are met.) An employer or leader that meets the needs on the "Howletts Hierarchy" will see motivated employees and see productivity increase. Understanding the definition of motivation, and then applying it, is one of the most prevalent challenges facing employers and supervisors. Companies often spend thousands of dollars each year hiring outside firms just to give motivation seminars.

Another place motivation plays a key role is in education. A teacher that implements motivational techniques will see an increased participation, effort, and higher grades. Part of the teachers job is to provide an environment that is motivationally charged. This environment accounts for students who lack their own internal motivation. One of the first places people begin to set goals for themselves is in school. Ask any adult: "What is the main thing that motivates you." Their answer will most likely be goals. Even the simplest things in life are the result of goal setting. A person may say, "I want to save 300.00 for a new TV" Well, that is a goal. School is where we are most likely to learn the correlation between goals, and the definition of motivation. That correlation is what breeds success.

So, as you can see, motivation is what propels life. It plays a major role in nearly everything we do. Without motivation, we would simply not care about outcomes, means, accomplishment, education, success, failure, employment, etc .. Then, what would be the point?

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Speaking for Motivation: Top Traits of Successful Motivational Speakers

This article will do 2 things for you:

1. Briefly talk about some common (but pretty funny) stereotypes of motivational speakers. We'll take a look at a few real-life examples from the huge variety of motivational speakers on the circuit today.

2. Give some great tips on how to give your own motivational speeches by exploring the top 6 key ingredients that successful motivational speakers have in common.

The end goal of this article is to help empower you to create and deliver your own inspiring motivational speeches so that you can go forward and help others make positive changes in their own lives.

SPEAK IT OUT LOUD

When someone starts talking about motivational speakers, most people either:

  1. Bring up their own favorite speakers and share how said speaker (s) changed their life, or
  2. Roll their eyes and groan.

… More often than not, people do the latter.

When it comes to stereotypes, motivational speakers seem to get the blunt end of the stick. Often perceived as frantic, loud, and in-your-face, this type of public speaking commonly gets dismissed for being, well, all talk .

However, there is a very definite (and growing) fan-base for motivational presentations. After all, the words of inspiration and insight that a truly good motivational speaker shares can create the kind of "a-ha" moments that truly resonate!

Inciting positive changes for everything from kicking bad habits to pursuing your dreams and living the life you've imagined – quality speakers can motivate their audiences to realize the inner potential for success that lives within all of us.

The fact is that a strong motivational speaker can be a real force to be reckoned with, regardless of what your own personal opinion of them may be!

DIFFERENT SPEAKERS. DIFFERENT APPROACHES. SAME POINT.

Truly good, established motivational speakers command some pretty decent coin – Tony Robbins, for example, charges at least $ 100,000 per engagement.

The rationale for this is that good motivators can impact the lives of thousands in a single presentation, creating a literally exponential return on investment.

But the tactics they use to inspire are often drastically different, so how do they all end up achieving the same impact?

Let's take a look at the very different styles of 3 top motivational speakers to figure this out.

– Tony Robbins: Energetic Motivation

Tony Robbins' high-energy, high-volume, and high-audience participation presentations have inspired millions to pursue their dreams. He literally gets attendees out of their seats, hyped up and boldly yelling out affirmational mantras of success together.

The end result is a crowd of inspired go-getters who are ready to "ask better questions, and as a result get better answers" – answers that will (hopefully) help them navigate the path to success and happiness.

– Dr. Roberta Bondar: Intelligent Inspiration

Other speakers, like the amazing and super smart astronaut Dr. Roberta Bondar, choose to share their motivational public speeches with more intimate audiences in specific niches and settings.

Dr. Bondar's approach is noticeably very different to Tony Robbins'; her presence and spoken words are significantly calmer and her talks tend to keep the decibels at more ear-friendly levels. But her message consistently inspires people to pursue their "peak performance potential" as she drops pearls of wisdom and dishes out food for thought.

– Steve Rizzo: Hilariously Helpful

Yet other speakers rely on comedy to deliver their message, like the hilarious Steve Rizzo. Having walked away from his career as a comedian who shared the stage with greats like Jerry Seinfeld and Rodney Dangerfield, Steve uses his sharp comedic timing to deliver messages of perseverance through adversity that inspire crowds to "live the dream." For Steve, laughter is the best motivation.

When you boil it all down, successful motivational speakers come in all shapes and styles – but they all manage to inspire their audiences to make positive, impactful changes in their lives.

They do this by finding their own presentational style and playing to it. In figuring out what works best for them and using it to their advantage, they successfully add an air of authenticity to their talks. And this authenticity is crucial .

After all, nobody wants to listen to someone who doesn't earnestly, 1000% believe in what they're preaching!

Like top motivational speaker booking agent, Rich Libner of MCP Speakers , says when talking about his own roster of speakers on the circuit,

"It's important to remember that motivational speakers like Tony Robbins, Roberta Bondar , or Steve Rizzo are not much different from the rest of us. They all have fears, failures, difficulties, and dirty dishes."

So if they can speak to and inspire crowds of people, then you can too!

WHAT TO SAY AND HOW TO SAY IT

Believe it or not, there is a basic recipe for creating and delivering a successful motivational speech.

No matter if you decide to use the over-the-top energetic approach of Mr. Robbins or the comedic delivery of Steve Rizzo, following these key ingredients will help you on your path to motivational speaking success.

  1. Tell a good story, and tell it well.

Our evolutionary history has predisposed us to loving a good story.

Consider this: Every known culture in human history has stories. From sitting by a fire and listening as elders tell stories of gods & monsters to buying a movie ticket and immersing ourselves in some epic cinematic experience – we, as a species, absolutely love a good story . We always have.

Tap into this love to get and keep your audience's attention. A good story uses a recognizable pattern to convey meaning, with the most common pattern being the classic failure-epiphany-struggle-success plot …

Know it. Love it. Use it.

  1. Be clear with what you're talking about.

Nobody likes to hear someone yammer on with no easy-to-spot point. Much like Charlie Brown's teacher, public speakers that drone on with no clear intent or purpose quickly lose their audience's attention and become background noise.

Keep it snappy and on-point. Let your audience know within the first 2 minutes why you're talking to them and what you're talking about. After that, make sure that every anecdote, story, and tip you tell directly relates back to your purpose for being there.

In other words, give them a roadmap for what to expect from your presentation – and stick to it!

  1. Create your own buy-in.

Picking up on point number 2, a good way of creating your own buy-in is to let your audience know what to expect from the get-go. Tony Robbins is a master of this, often starting his speaking presentations with the following formula:

Today, I will talk to you about _______. I'm talking to you about it because ________. My goal at the end is to motivate you to ________ so that you can ________. [-> Enter engaging but simple question to cap your intro and spur audience participation here.]

You don't have to copy that exact formula, but hopefully you get the idea.

After setting out your roadmap, one of the best ways of further fostering audience buy-in is by encouraging participation. There are more ways to encourage audience interaction than this article can list, but a key point is to make sure that the participation is guided and relevant (and safe!)

For ideas on ways to foster positive audience participation, just Google "audience participation".

  1. Stay positive.

The # 1 very best way to alienate your audience is by being a downer. This includes singling out someone to pick on throughout your presentation, relating horrible things that happened to people without providing a positive spin or ending, and generally being a low-energy Debbie downer.

The key to motivation – especially motivational speaking – is to stay positive. People are paying attention to you because they're after some sort of positive change, so stay positive with your motivational messaging!

  1. Offer a different way of looking at things.

A fundamental ingredient to creating positive change is to alter the way you look at things.

Like famous motivational speaker Wayne Dyer once said, "Change the way you look at things and the things you look at change."

… Pretty deep, right?

It's also 100% true. Psychologists and marketers alike have known for decades that the biggest way to effect positive change is foster a positive perspective. From addiction treatments to brand allegiance, the power of altering a person's perspective is undeniable.

Inspire your audience to look at things differently by sharing a different (and positive) lens through which to view life's challenges and hardships.

  1. Practice. Practice. Practice.

… Then practice some more.

Polished motivational speeches don't happen overnight and even top-notch motivational pros still flub every-so-often. Practice makes perfect though, so practice for perfection!

MOTIVATING SUSTAINED MOTIVATION

In the end, the most motivational part of any inspirational speech is what the audience chooses to do with what they've just heard. So help them make the right choice by using the above 6 tips the next time you decide to get up and speak sweet words of inspiration!

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Choosing a Career For Life – Healthcare Industry Vs Automotive Industry

Choosing a career is an important goal for any individual. Most of us want to make a choice that will last forever. When looking into one field or another it is the long term benefits that help us make our final decision about what career path to take. The following tips will help you determine which career for life you are most interested in when thinking about the healthcare industry versus the automotive industry.

As a healthcare provider you are providing your services for the welfare of the society and to the people. The healthcare field has many opportunities from working in hospitals and clinical facilities all the way to in home care. Often there are benefits and competitive salary packages for healthcare professionals. These benefits often make the healthcare industry an ideal choice. The automotive industry has a range of opportunities as well. You can be involved in the development and production of vehicle components. This will allow you to be a part of new technology when it comes to the cars we all drive. There is also the sales side of the automotive industry that allows you to provide service and a product to people.

When you are thinking of making a choice like a career for life it is important to think about the features and benefits of your fields of interest. The following is a list of features and benefits that will help you choose between the healthcare industry versus the automotive industry.

Helping the Society: A healthcare professional has the opportunity to provide care to a large number of people. Lending this helping hand to society is not only rewarding but satisfying as well. The automotive field on the other hand is to make a better product and to sell it at a high price. Most often what the bottom line profit is tends to be more important than customer satisfaction. In addition, working to develop new designs and keeping up with the latest technology can make for a stressful environment to work in.

Training Programs: Considering the various levels of healthcare positions you are able to choose a program that specializes in the area you are most interested in. Once you complete a training program and have your diploma or certificate in hand you ready to start your career. In the automotive industry training is often conducted within the industry. Typically training is conducted for a period 12 to 24 months. You are educated on various subjects and then are able to choose the area in which you wish to specialize in.

Education Levels: A healthcare career usually requires less than 4 years of college education unless your goal is to become a doctor or practitioner. There are several areas in the field that you start working in with just a high school diploma. In the automotive industry you are looking at 4 years of college education to be in the top salaried positions. There is little opportunity for the high school graduate.

Choosing a career for life based on the above features and benefits can help you make an educated decision. When comparing healthcare vs. automotive industries the healthcare field is sure to be a more rewarding and achievable choice.

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Natural Antibiotics Versus Synthetic Antibiotics

We may start with descriptions, where both turn out to be substances that are known to help us combat bacteria which may try to harm us. The difference between the natural antibiotics and the synthetic antibiotics is, however, in the fact that the former are products of nature (directly harnessed from the fields, being typically plant parts), whereas the latter are products of laboratory-based chemical synthesis. To get a synthetic antibiotic, you need to know which chemical combinations have an antibiotic effect (that is, a bacteria-killing effect), obtain the ingredient chemicals and mix them in the right proportions to end up with the antibiotic. To get a natural antibiotic, on the other hand, you need to know which plants (and which specific parts of them) have an antibiotic effect, and then go out into the fields to obtain those said plant parts, use them in the right way , and benefit from the said antibiotic effect.

The difference between natural antibiotics and synthetic supplements is not just in terms of definitions, of course.

Natural antibiotics differ from synthetic supplements in terms of (typical) working speeds. We tend to see the synthetic antibiotics working faster than the natural supplements. But note has to be taken of the fact that we are talking of typical cases here: for there are natural antibiotics that are known to work faster than some synthetic supplements. All the same, the typically faster working speed associated with synthetic antibiotics is the main reason as to why the synthetic supplements are commonly used in medical emergencies: where a person is already afflicted of an illness emanating from the bacterial infection, and where speedy decimation of the bacteria is essential. What is notable here is that the efficiency of synthetic antibiotics tends to be their undoing too: as most of them end up inadvertently killing the useful symbiotic bacteria as well.

Natural supplements also differ from synthetic antibiotics in terms of safety profiles. The natural supplements are seen as being, on the whole and in many respects, safer than the synthetic antibiotics. Noteworthy here is the fact that use of supplements is not always on a transient basis (although that is ideally how it is supposed to be). Rather, there are people who find themselves with conditions that force them to use them on a long term or very frequent basis. Such people, if they were to use the synthetic antibiotics, would almost certainly end up with very nasty side effects of such long-term antibiotic use. But where the milder natural supplements are used, the long term outlook may be much better.

Natural antibiotics differ from synthetic supplements in terms of (typical) working mechanisms. We are looking at a situation where the typical synthetic antibiotic works by directly cutting down (killing) the harmful as well as, inevitably, some useful bacteria. This is against a situation where the typical natural antibiotic works by not simply killing the bacteria, but also enhancing the body's natural capacity to fight off such bacterial infections in the future.

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Non Vintage, Vintage, and Prestige Cuvee Champagnes – What Is The Difference?

Buying Champagne can be confusing. So many different producers, types, and more. Really it is not that important, and Champagne is a great beverage not just for celebrations, but anytime. It is an amazingly food friendly and tasty wine.

First, the absolute basics. Champagne is from Champagne France. Anything else is not. Now there are some lovely sparkling wines from other parts of the world like Spain, Italy, California, Australia, and even Massachusetts, but they are difference. They do not taste the same as they are not grown in the same soil with the same environment. The French use the word terrior to describe this. A wine should taste like its terrior, when it came from, and wines from different places do taste different.

The least expensive is NV or Non Vintage. This is produced by blending grapes from multiple vintages to produce a consistently and very good product every year. Not every year has great grapes, and even among years of the same quality the grapes will taste differently due to the weather and other aspects of the growing season. If we pick an NV, for example Moet and Chandon's popular White Label, it is extremely consistent year in and year out, as well as very tasty!

Vintage Champagnes will bear a vintage, the year the grapes were grown, and all the grapes will be from that year. Most houses only produce Vintage bubbly in very good to great years, and some recent vintages for most major producers include 1985, `1988, 1990, 1995, 1996, 2000 and 2002. Every vintage will taste different and will have the characteristics of that growing year. For example the 1988 vintage was rather reserved when young and took many years to soften whereas most 1990s were more accessible and creamy tasting in their youth. Vintage Champagnes tend to be more expensive and better wines than NVs as they come from grapes grown in better years.

Many producers also make a high end Vintage, called a Prestige Cuvee. These are produced in vantage years from only the best of all grapes and command a higher price as they are better wines. Some famous examples of prestige cuvees include Krug, Dom Perignon, and Cristal. For many of us, they are well worth their price which may go from a hundred dollars well on up in price.

There are wonderful Champagnes of all types, and for a neophyte looking to explore the wines, the NVs are a great and tasty place to begin!

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Is Survival A Natural Human Instinct?

The world is not a safe place. There are numerous natural and man-made disasters which affect individuals and groups of people daily. While human beings often die in these catastrophes, you will still hear amazing tales of unlikely survival. In simple terms, regular human beings are able to stay alive in the most extraordinary and unusual circumstances.

This phenomenon has happened countless times and continues to puzzle people. Is it the natural instinct of humans to keep living? Is determination the driving force for disaster survival? Why and what for do people fight so hard to survive? Why do some people survive under unlikely circumstances while others die in less dire situations?

The famous evolution expert, Charles Darwin, presented concrete evidence-based theories on the survival of creatures. This scientist proved in the 1800 that natural selection and survival are intertwined. Natural selection is a simple theory which emphasizes on one unshakable concept: only the strong survive.

Simply speaking, every form of life is exposed to constant danger because none is supreme in the food chain or over natural disasters. When a disaster strikes, the weakest in the population will die. The strong will continue living and passing on their genes to the next generation. As a result, the particular species is able to keep thriving and overcoming challenges. This simple concept of natural selection can help us understand if human beings really have a natural predisposition to keep surviving against all odds. In this short discussion, we will examine the human survival instincts which have managed to keep the species going for millenniums.

The most obvious hard-wired instinct for survival is manifested in form of the fight-or-flight response. This physiological reaction occurs if a person senses the threat to their survival or any harmful attack or event. As implied, this is a biological response which helps a person in adverse situations either fight or flee from the danger.

The reaction begins in the brain's amygdala which in turn triggers the hypothalamus gland. This process is also followed by the secretion of the ACT hormone. This hormone triggers the adrenal glands to produce epinephrine or adrenaline and cortisol. When these biochemical secretions are released, they help the body prepare for violent muscle action.

In simple terms, the hormones will cause an acceleration of physiological functions which will be useful when fighting or fleeing. For example, heart and lung action will accelerate in order to supply the body with oxygen for muscle action. Metabolic resources such as stored glucose and fats will be liberated to provide sufficient energy. Awareness of the surroundings and vision also improves.

In general, the body will also limit the resources to parts of the body that are not required for immediate survival. For instance, digestion in the upper stomach and intestines will slow down or stop. There will be inhibition of tear and saliva production as well as the bladder might relax and other sphincter muscles will be affected.

When a person is in danger, the fight-or-flight response will kick in. Some people will have unusual strength to fight the source of peril while others will have the supernatural ability to flee from the scene. Often, this is known as hysterical strength because it goes beyond the normal bounds due to the specific situation. The fight and flight response is particularly valuable when fighting for family. For example, mothers will be able to lift a car when their children are in danger. A father will run into a flaming building despite the danger to save his family.

The concept of opposites attracting is more than a fancy theory. In a certain experiment, it was proven that people choose partners who will ensure the survival of their genes. Human beings are built differently at a genetic level, including their level of immunity. People with lower immunity are more prone to sickness and death in case of adverse situations.

If an individual chooses a partner with the same genetic code for immunity, their child is likely to be vulnerable to multiple diseases. In ideal circumstances, one will choose a partner with opposite or at least different immune strengths than them. This will allow their child to have a better chance of surviving when exposed to dangerous situations.

So, how do humans recognize the right partner? According to the BBC show Human Instinct, it is all in the nose. In their experiment, a man was exposed to the natural scent of six women, sight unseen. The smells that he found to be most appealing belonged to women who did not share the genes linked to the immune system. This phenomenon is designed to create the best family unit.

There are other intrinsic survival instincts which help individuals and the entire human race continue surviving. For example, human babies are born without any form of defense against threats to their existence. However, they are able to convey their needs by crying in different volumes and pitches to convey their desires. Also, babies have almost universal appeal to people because of their general cuteness and adorable. This phenomenon helps elicit a care-giving response in people ensuring their continued survival. It is theorized that cuter babies have an advantage in survival.

People are also hardwired to avoid poisonous foods which could threaten survival. As an adult, one has the ability to understand poison in a logical way, mostly. However, babies can only rely on instinct to determine what is safe. That is why babies will reject bitter food and choose sweet energy-giving foods.

Human instincts are designed to promote survival, but ultimately, our connections to family, children and other relations provide the strength to fight unbeatable odds.

Plan, prepare, protect, get through, hold on, hold out, make it, and keep body, soul and family together. You need a plan to prepare and to protect yourself and your family. Survival is our Strategy! "

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